Charney Bassett, Oxfordshire, is a small village in the centre of the triangle formed by Abingdon 20 km to the east Wantage 10 km to the south and Faringdon 8 km to the west. It is in the north of the Vale of White Horse in Gainfield Hundred. There has been a settlement here since Anglo-Saxon times. The earliest surviving records of the village history show that there was a grant of land to the Abbot of Abingdon Abbey in 811 AD. The surrounding area was originally largely marshland and the meaning of Charney is Cearn-isle or island in the river Cearn.
To the north of the village and within the parish boundary lies Cherbury Camp, an Iron Age fortification. Cherbury means a barrow beside the River Cearn.
The village contains a number of interesting buildings. St Peter’s church has some sections as old as the 12th Century and features a turret containing two mediaeval chiming bells. Charney Manor, a Grade II listed building, was built as a grange for Abingdon Abbey when it owned extensive land around the village. It now belongs to the Society of Friends (the Quakers) and serves as a conference centre
Charney Water Mill, also Grade II listed, is owned by Oxfordshire County Council and leased to the Parish Council. It has all its machinery intact and has been undergoing restoration by the Vale of White Horse Industrial Archaeology Group since around 1975.
St Peter’s church is one of the seven which comprise the Parish of Cherbury with Gainfield. The other churches in the parish are Longworth, Hinton Waldrist, Lyford, Buckland, Pusey and Littleworth.